Today, we will discuss about the bullet that is used for hunting a deer. There are many ranges and sizes of bullets that are used for hunting. .223 caliber bullets is one of the best and suitable for all types of deer hunting. Although many hunters do not like to use the type of bullet, this is still efficient.
Hunting deer is a very challenging and fascinating for the hunters. However, the hunters do require a good preparation for hunting deer and then enjoy the meat. But, hunting is not as easy as you shoot a deer in your video game. You can never imagine that hunting needs preparation and some quick decisions.
.223 caliber is preferred by the new hunters around the world because of the unique advantages during hunting. However, many parts of the world do not allow the hunters to use the cartridge to hunt a deer. For that reason, you must be sure that your state allows the hunter to use .223 caliber for deer hunting or not. Contact with neighbor hunters or hunters association of your estate to be sure about the cartridge use before purchasing a rifle.
But, these are some issues that you need to think first for choosing a caliber bullet for deer hunting-
Does it damage the animal’s body badly?Long bullets damage an animal body badly that you may not use the meat where you shoot. This is because of having a high amount of cartridge on the bullet.
But, .223 caliber bullets do not present you such kind of problem. In fact, you will not able to find the .223 caliber bullet on the animal’s body! The bullets are so sharp and powerful to go through the body and out at the end.
Can it interrupt oxygen production permanently?The caliber bullet that you have chosen must interrupt the entire oxygen production completely in a single bullet. You may not get time to shoot a deer again once you shoot on it once.
.223 caliber bullets are able to go through lung and heart of the deer and stop the oxygen production unit. As a result, there is no reason to shoot at it again because single bullet can make your hunting process successful.
Can you shoot it from a reasonable hunting range?While hunting a deer, you must keep a perfect distance from your targeted animal. Otherwise, it may be aware and run away from you. Therefore, your selected bullet type is also being fast and has good range to shoot.
A .223 caliber bullet comes to 75-90gr. Depending on your bullet choice. However, you can use this kind of bullet for 300-350 yards distance for hunting a deer.
Can you shoot & angle it comfortably?Of course, you must be comfortable at positing your rifle to the deer and shoot it for hunting purpose. Some caliber bullets require those rifles that you may not able to position comfortably.
As a result, your hunting experience will be painful without being successful. Generally riles for the .223 caliber bullet rifles are comfortable to use and it enables you to shoot from a suitable angle.
Cons of .223 Caliber
Pros of using a .223 caliber Rifle
Many hunters are looking for higher caliber for hunting now a day. But, a .223 caliber rifle is enough to give you perfect hunting experience for a deer. There are many advantages of using the .223 caliber rifle that are discussed here shortly:
.223 caliber vs 22-250 caliberIf you are willing to start hunting from the next season, you may not have any idea about .223 caliber and .22-250 caliber. But, you will hear many factors regarding these two calibers.
On the other hand, different hunters prefer different caliber for hunting a deer. You need to understand, which is the best caliber for your hunting career?
Therefore, here is a comparison table of .223 caliber vs .22-250 caliber for you-
Efficient for 300-350 yards distance
More efficient for longer distance than .223 caliber. Probably more than 400 yards distance
This is less expensive than .22-250
This is expensive to buy
Due to being inexpensive, gun stores often face shortage problem
Every gun store has good number of .22-250 calibers for hunters
Best for Practice Purpose
As .223 caliber is inexpensive, they are highly used for practice purpose.
.22-250 ammo is not suitable for practice purpose as it is expensive. However, if you can bear the expense of the ammo, 22-250 practice will be great for hunting experience.
Speed & Accurate
.223 is very accurate to its target but not shoots faster than .22-250
The accuracy depends on your skill on .22-250 rifles. However, it shoots faster and harder.
Almost 3428 fps
Nearly 4060 fps
Wind Influence Rate
Relatively low than .223 caliber
Now, you have the compare table between .223 caliber and .22-250 caliber. Therefore, this is easier to decide which caliber, you will choose for your hunting session.
Remember that .22-250 caliber is made for long distance shooting and hunting deer. Meanwhile, the .223 caliber is highly used for practice purpose, especially newbie to improve self confident.
Frequently Ask Questions about .223 CaliberMany people ask lots of questions about .223 caliber for hunting a deer. For that reason, we have make a list of the most common questions for you in order to give all answer in a fix site.
Question 1: Is it legal to use a .223 caliber for hunting a deer?
Question 2: How to I know my rifle is perfect for .223 caliber?
Question 3: Can I convert my .223 caliber gun to any other caliber?
Question 4: Will I face any problem if I use .22LR caliber instead of .223 caliber AR-15?
Question 5: Can I use 5.56 NATO caliber in my .223 AR-15 rifle?
Question 6: Can I use conversion kit for .22LR in my AR-15 Rifle?
Question 7: Do I need any steel for my .223 Caliber?
Question 8: How long anyone can hear the sound?
Question 9: From where I should shoot using .223 caliber?
My Experience in using .223 caliber for deer huntingAt the beginning time as a hunter, I used .223 caliber for deer hunting as well as practice hunting. Since it is easy to buy and inexpensive, I choose .223 caliber.
Normally, the caliber helps me to carry more rounds with me because of light weight. Two years ago, I have hunted my first deer with caliber .223 from a distance of 240 yards (probably).
However, after trying for several years, I have moved to another caliber cartridge because .223 caliber is not perfect for windy situation. Light weight bullets are easily influenced by wind and lost its accuracy.
In my 2 year experience using a .223 caliber for hunting deer, I have faced some problems with unique advantages. I did not need to spend high amount of money for caliber as well as feel no short of money for practice session.
Conclusion.233 caliber for hunting a deer is good choice for the hunters especially for newbie. Easy to find and low price is the best advantage of the caliber cartridge to the hunters.
However, you should practice with the caliber first, understand the cons of the caliber and then, decide about the caliber. So, buy 10-20 rounds of .223 caliber for practice and then, decide should you go with the caliber for hunting a deer or move to another caliber.
Credit - http://outdoorhill.com. Jimmy Chew
The .45 ACP (.45 Auto)
By Chuck Hawks
The famous .45 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge was designed by John Browning in 1905 for a prototype service pistol. The U.S. Army tested both the pistol and cartridge and requested some changes, including a heavier bullet (the original weight was 200 grains). Browning changed the bullet weight to 230 grains and the .45 ACP as we know it today was born. The Army adopted both the cartridge and the Browning designed Colt pistol in 1911, and both are still going strong today. Among civilian shooters, the .45 ACP is more popular today than it ever was.
As one would expect, there are plenty of reloading components for the .45 ACP. The most popular bullet weights are 185, 200, and 230 grains. The correct bullet diameter is .452", maximum COL is 1.275", and the MAP limit is 21,000 psi. .45 ACP reloads must be taper crimped. Medium to fast burning pistol powders generally work best in the .45 Auto.
The impressive 200 grain Speer "Flying Ashtray" can be given a MV of 823 fps by 8.5 grains of HS6 powder, and a MV of 956 fps by 9.5 grains of HS6. A 200 grain bullet makes a pretty good general purpose load for the .45 ACP, just as John Browning originally envisioned.
The typical factory load for the .45 ACP uses a 230 grain bullet (either FMJ or JHP) at a published muzzle velocity (in a 5" barrel) of 850 fps with 370 ft. lbs. of muzzle energy. This load has a mid-range trajectory of .4" over 25 yards, 1.6" over 50 yards, and 3.7" over 75 yards. Beyond that the fat, slow bullet is falling pretty fast, but not many people can hit reliably at long range with a .45 auto anyway. The outdoorsman would be better off carrying something else.
The Speer Reloading Manual Number 13 shows that their 185 grain Gold Dot JHP bullet can be driven at a MV of 837 fps by 6.6 grains of W231 powder, and a MV of 954 fps by 7.4 grains of W231.
The Speer 230 grain TMJ ("ball ammunition") bullet can be driven at a MV of 773 fps by 7.8 grains of HS6 powder, and a MV of 863 fps by 8.5 grains of HS6. All of these Speer loads used Speer cases and CCI 300 primers, and were tested in the 4.4" barrel of a SIG pistol.
9mm ammunition is one of the most widely acknowledged types of firearm ammunition, generally used within submachine guns and handguns. The value 9mm represents the diameter of the bullet but eliminates the diameter of the casing within this measurement. A 9mm bullet has an effective range of around 100 meters, but it can remain lethal over longer distances. It has a flat trajectory and its recoil is moderate.
9mm ammunition is used for a wide range of purposes including law enforcement, home defense, civilian self defense and within the military. There are a few basic types of 9mm ammo, including hollow-point, full metal jacket, and soft point. Hollow-point bullets are, as the name suggests, hollowed out and are not pointed in design. As such, they do not just penetrate and pass through their target, but will instead, expand and produce maximum damage to their intended target. Full metal jacket 9mm ammunition is commonly used in assault rifles and pistols as the bullet is encased in a strong metal, such as copper, and therefore it is tougher than most other types of bullets and is able to penetrate armor plating. It can be fired at a high speed and does not leave any lead residue inside the gun. A soft point bullet can come with a dull or pointed tip and can also be jacketed. The characteristic that makes this bullet unique is that its lead is exposed at the tip. Other types of 9mm ammunition that are available include match bullets, frangible projectile ammunition, metal case ammo and lead free bullets.
The 9mm ammunition was first introduced by German firearm designer Georg Luger in 1904. He had previously designed his own firearm, the Luger pistol, which was 7.62mm and 7.65 mm caliber pistol, but many buyers were not satisfied with the stopping power of this particular weapon. To secure larger contracts, he opted to make the gun fire a larger bullet. His design of a round-nosed shell that possessed a diameter of 9 mm and length of 19 mm resulted in his 9mm caliber pistol being selected by the German Army as a standard firearm. The introduction of the 9mm standard inspired many other firearm designers such as John Browning and Signior Beretta to create their own versions of 9mm caliber weapons. In 1938, the Germany military developed a machine pistol that used 9mm ammunition and later on, the Soviets designed their own version of 9mm caliber weapon, named the 9mm Makarov. Within today’s industry, some of the most widely known 9mm handguns and submachine guns include the Beretta 93-R, Heckler and Koch MP-5, Walther PPK, Uzi submachine gun, Ingram MAC-10, and Glock 17 and 18.
Credit - http://www.likesngripes.com/2011/02/9mm-ammunition/
".308" redirects here. For other uses, see .308 (disambiguation).
Place of originUnited States
Parent case.300 Savage
Case typeRimless, Bottleneck
Bullet diameter0.308 in (7.8 mm)
Neck diameter0.3433 in (8.72 mm)
Shoulder diameter0.4539 in (11.53 mm)
Base diameter0.4709 in (11.96 mm)
Rim diameter0.4728 in (12.01 mm)
Rim thickness0.0539 in (1.37 mm)
Case length2.015 (51.18 mm)
Overall length2.800 (71.12 mm)
Case capacity56 gr H2O (3.6 cm3)
Primer typeLarge rifle
Maximum pressure (C.I.P.)60,191 psi (415.00 MPa)
Maximum pressure (SAAMI)62,000 psi (430 MPa)
125 gr (8 g) Spitzer3,100 ft/s (940 m/s)2,668 ft·lbf (3,617 J)
150 gr (10 g) Nosler tip2,820 ft/s (860 m/s)2,648 ft·lbf (3,590 J)
168 gr (11 g) BTHP2,650 ft/s (810 m/s)2,700 ft·lbf (3,700 J)
175 gr (11 g) BTHP2,645 ft/s (806 m/s)2,619 ft·lbf (3,551 J)
185 gr (12 g) Lapua Mega JSP2,510 ft/s (770 m/s)2,588 ft·lbf (3,509 J)
Test barrel length: 24 in (26 in for Lapua) The .308 Winchester is a rimless, bottlenecked riflecartridge and is the commercial cartridge from which the 7.62×51mm NATO round was derived. The .308 Winchester was introduced in 1952, two years prior to the NATO adoption of the 7.62×51mm NATO T65. Winchester branded the cartridge and introduced it to the commercial hunting market as the .308 Winchester. Winchester's Model 70 and Model 88 rifles were subsequently chambered for the new cartridge. Since then, the .308 Winchester has become the most popular short-action, big-game hunting cartridge worldwide. It is also commonly used for civilian target shooting, military sniping, and police sharpshooting. The relatively short case makes the .308 Winchester especially well-adapted for short-action rifles. When loaded with a bullet that expands, tumbles, or fragments in tissue, this cartridge is capable of high terminal performance.
Usage and performance
The .308 Winchester is one of the most popular hunting cartridges in the United States, and possibly the world. It has gained popularity in many countries as an exceptional cartridge for game in the medium- to large-sized class. In North America it is used extensively on whitetail deer, pronghorn and even the occasional caribou or black bear.
Clay Harvey, an American gun writer, says it is usable on moose and elk. Layne Simpson, an American who has hunted in Sweden, says he is surprised how many hunters there use the cartridge. Craig Boddington was told by a Norma Precision executive that the .308 is one of Norma's best-selling calibers.
In Africa the .308 Win is one of the most popular calibers among Bushveld hunters and is used on anything from duiker right up to the massive eland (a small and large African antelope respectively). Proponents of the hydrostatic shock theory contend that the .308 Winchester has sufficient energy to impart hydrostatic shock to living targets when rapidly expanding bullets deliver a high rate of energy transfer.
The .308 Winchester has slightly more drop at long range than the .30-06 Springfield, owing to its slightly lower (100 ft/s) muzzle velocity with most bullet weights. Cartridges with significantly higher muzzle velocities, such as the .300 Winchester Magnum can have significantly less drop at long range.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As ammo has gotten more and more expensive over the past few years, a lot of people have begun to consider re-loading, and well they should. Because when you buy loaded ammunition, part of what you are paying for is the bullet you shoot downrange and the powder and primer that burn, and part of that cost is also the brass case. Re-loading, or for the purpose of discussion here, “handloading,” allows you to reuse that brass case for more loaded rounds, thereby saving you money on re-buying the brass. Not all cases are brass of course. These days some cases are aluminum or steel, and these generally cannot be reloaded (That is why steel and brass cased ammo is cheaper). But almost all brass ammunition is capable of being re-loaded, and when you get right down to it, brass ammo was created to reload. Leaving brass on the ground is just plain old wasting, and these days who can afford that?
The mechanics of handloading are very simple. A cartridge has a primer at its rear, powder in the middle, and a bullet at the front. When you fire the cartridge, the primer goes off, the powder burns up, and the bullet chugs its way out of the muzzle. Handloading amounts to nothing more than putting in a new primer, new powder and a new bullet, into the fired brass case.
There are some really good beginner reloading kits on the market. The brands you should search for are Hornady, Lyman, RCBS and Redding on the high end, and Lee is generally going to be the least expensive. Before you rush out and buy one, however, understanding some of the tools and what choices you have might be a better way to start. Sometimes you buy a beginner kit then replace all of the stuff in it within a short time as you discover how more advanced tools are more convenient and more precise. A little bit of overview will help you wade through what you should expect to buy, and some of the options.
THE PRESSThe most important thing you will have to decide is what type of reloading press you want to start with. Lee even has a no-press option called a Lee Loader, and it works, but veerryyy slowly, and most likely you will want a “single stage” reloading press at the very least.
A single stage press holds one “die,” which is the tool that you force the brass shell into in order to make it shootable again. Handloading most often involves three dies, but can be two, three, four, or even five of these dies to make the loaded shell. On a single stage press, you have to insert and adjust the die, then process one “stage” of your ammo, then take out that die, put in the next die, do a round of the same shells with that die, then do the next one, and in between there you drop the powder in and position a new bullet.
Most people start with a single stage press because it is the simplest, and down the road, as you get into more precision handloading with long range rifle rounds, many would argue that a single stage press is the most consistent, but if you are making a lot of handgun rounds, a single stage press may not be your best option. If reloading was something you could do casually while you catch up your DVR watching, spending 3 hours on 500 rounds of 9mm would be fine, but it isn’t. If you don’t want to double charge gun powder and make a bunch of mistakes, you have to focus on what you are doing while you handload, and quicker is usually better.
The next step up from single stage is what is called the “Turret” press. It has four or five die stations built into it so you can build a lot of ammo without having to swap out dies. Lyman, RCBS and Redding all make manually indexing turret presses, and Lee makes a unique turret press that has a rotating tool head, so you pull the handle one, two, three, four (including powder) times, and the press indexes the dies for you. This may sound like a no brainer with the Lee, but some people prefer the sturdiness of the big heavy options, especially when building precision long range rifle ammo.
The next step up is the “progressive” press. Generally they don’t make a beginner kit with progressive presses. You have to buy the other stuff, covered below, separately. This can be a good thing. For example, the RCBS single stage kit comes with a balance beam scale. Today this is nothing short of a doorstop and a complete waste of money. The single stage Hornady kit comes with a proper high quality electronic scale, but not the nicest one Hornady makes. Options are what makes handloading fun, not just about saving money.
With a progressive press, every pull of the handle produces a new loaded round. The press has a “shell plate” that revolves under the die and powder stations, and all the stations get filled as the plate turns itself through the loading process. Progressive presses are more money than single stage and turret presses, but the time savings can pay you back in droves.
Hornady, Dillon and RCBS are the biggest names in progressive presses, and once you start looking into the technology you will see that they are quite elaborate. The basic press requires you to feed a case and bullet by hand for every pull, but all three companies make a bullet and case feeder attachment that will do even that for you.
Lee, again, is a much less expensive option in a progressive press, but if you plan to be a handloading snob don’t bother. Lee uses aluminum and some plastic in place of steel on their press designs, and though all the Lee stuff works great, many hardcore handloaders opt for the more expensive brands. Eventually we’ll get to some actual overviews of some of these presses, but for now just Google around and you’ll find plenty to help you make an informed purchasing decision.
WHY HANDLOAD?Before moving on to the rest of the stuff you’ll need, any conversion about handloading should include a little history of what is correctly called, “precision, ” as opposed to “accuracy.” When you handload, most of the time you will end up with more precise ammunition, loaded round compared to loaded round compared to loaded round. Commercial ammunition is manufactured on automated equipment flying at thousands of rounds per hour. When you slow down and do it by hand, one at a time, or even on a progressive press at one per pull, you are generally going to produce more consistent and precise ammunition than can the factory.
As we have discussed here before, Hornady ammo has definitely pioneered genuinely precise and consistent factory ammo. Some of the testing we have done with our resident US Army Sniper Ben Becker has been truly amazing. But you will note that Hornady makes not only some of the most advanced handloading equipment, they are also the largest producer of packed bullets for handloading, and they have worked with Hodgdon Powder to bring even their exclusive “Superformance” and “LeverEvolution” brands to the handloader. Even Hornady, the pioneer in precise factory ammo, recognizes that handloading is an enormous asset to shooting sports, and if anyone knows the difference, they do.
Can you save money? Yes, you actually can. If you take just simple 9mm rounds, a box of the cheapest factory ammo you can find is amost $20 per 50 rounds these days. In comparison to handloading, assuming you have the spent brass cartridges, a box of 500 Hornady 124 grain bullets on Midsouth is $53. One thousand (1000!) primers are under $30, and a pound of Hodgdon Titegroup, enough for approximately 1500 rounds, is $15. Conservatively that is under $150 per thousand. I was unable to find 9mm even in bulk surplus crates at under $250 per thousand delivered. You definitely will save money.
Should you handload? Safety is a big deal. If you can exercise common sense and follow directions, then yes, please keep reading. If you have attention issues or think that it is ok to “half way” the safety issues of reloading, let me tell you right now that there is a whole world of difference, and a ton of hurt, between 2.7 grains and 7.2 grains of Bullseye, and both measurements fit in a .45ACP case. This is not something you want to experience. You will need to be extra careful when handloading. If you’re someone who thinks a maximum recommended load is merely a suggestion or think loading manuals have “lawyered down” data, please don’t handload.
A BRIEF LAUNDRY LIST OF STUFF YOU NEED
Enthusiasts use the term handloading instead of re-loading because though most of us get started re-loading, to save money on shooting, it can quickly turn into a labor of love and learning. There are so many variables that effect long range rifle accuracy that it would take a book to cover them. Over the years, ingenuity has bred some interesting products to solve problems that are thought to cause a lack of precision in handloads, and one company especially, Redding Reloading, has dedicated their entire company to the needs of the thoughtful handloader. There is also Dillon that has take the progressive reloader concept and turned it into a thousand dollar plus commercial grade machine, for consumers. Handloading can end up costing you a lot more than you initially saved on ammo. What these days that is much if any fun isn’t expensive? Handloading is fun! Testing handloads is even funner, and there are a lot of side things, (like bullet casting we have already started to cover), that bring whole new aspects to this really great hobby.
Many people think that the era of the gun nerd and voracious handloader is over, or in the process of ending. This is anything but true. The previous generation is indeed aging out of the active reloading years, but it will only be a matter of time before all of these new shooters discover what the previous generation discovered decades ago. Few hobbies are as fun and rewarding as shooting sports, and handloading brings a rich dimension to shooting that you have to experience in order to understand. Stay tuned for more articles in this column on specific choices within all of these tools above. We have a lot of ground to cover, but don’t let that stop you from going out and buying a press and getting started. Most of us are self taught when it comes to handloading, and other than getting sloppy with unsafe practices, there isn’t a lot you can do wrong.
Scott Mayer March 21, 2012
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